Reference List For Effective Lifestyle Interventions For GPs To Recommend

1. The Eatwell Guide. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/the-eatwell-guide.aspx

2. The Eatwell Guide booklet. Public Health England. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/551502/Eatwell_Guide_booklet.pdf

3. National Diet and Nutrition Survey: results from Years 1 to 4 (combined) of the rolling programme for 2008 and 2009 to 2011 and 2012. Public Health England and Food Standards Agency. https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-results-from-years-1-to-4-combined-of-the-rolling-programme-for-2008-and-2009-to-2011-and-2012

4. Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet: England, 2013. The Health and Social Care Information Centre. https://catalogue.ic.nhs.uk/publications/public-health/obesity/obes-phys-acti-diet-eng-2013/obes-phys-acti-diet-eng-2013-rep.pdf

5. Prevalence of prediabetes in England from 2003 to 2011: population-based, cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. Mainous et al. 2014. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/6/e005002

6. FACTS AND STATS. Diabetes UK. 2015. https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Documents/Position%20statements/Diabetes%20UK%20Facts%20and%20Stats_Dec%202015.pdf

7. How the world could better fight obesity. McKinsey Global Institute. 2014. http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-and-services/our-insights/how-the-world-could-better-fight-obesity

8. Healthy Eating Guidelines & Weight Loss Advice For The United Kingdom. Public Health Collaboration. 2016. https://www.PHCuk.org/healthy-eating-guidelines-weight-loss-advice-for-the-uk/

9. Meat in you diet. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/meat.aspx

10. Dietary fat intake and risk of stroke in male US healthcare professionals: 14 year prospective cohort study. BMJ. Ka He et al. 2003. http://www.bmj.com/content/327/7418/777.short

11. Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. AJCN. Siri-Tarino et al. 2010. http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/91/3/535.long

12. The relationship between high-fat dairy consumption and obesity, cardiovascular, and metabolic disease. European Journal of Nutrition. Kratz et al. 2012. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-012-0418-1

13. Association of Dietary, Circulating, and Supplement Fatty Acids With Coronary Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine. Chowdhury et al. 2014. http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1846638

14. Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. BMJ. de Souza et al. 2015. http://www.bmj.com/content/351/bmj.h3978.long

15. Evidence from randomised controlled trials did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open Heart. Harcombe et al. 2015. http://openheart.bmj.com/content/2/1/e000196.full

16. Fat: the facts. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/Fat.aspx

17. Food Fact Sheet: Fats. British Dietetic Association. 2015. https://www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/FatFacts.pdf

18. Effects of low-carbohydrate diets v. low-fat diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. British Journal of Nutrition. Mansoor et al. 2016. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/effects-of-low-carbohydrate-diets-v-low-fat-diets-on-body-weight-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials/B8FBAC51C156D8CAB189CF0B14FB2A46

19. Obesity: identification, assessment and management. Clinical guideline [CG189]. NICE. 2014. https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg189/chapter/1-Recommendations#dietary

20. Randomised Controlled Trials Comparing Low-Carb Diets Of Less Than 130g Carbohydrate Per Day To Low-Fat Diets Of Less Than 35% Fat Of Total Calories. Public Health Collaboration. 2016. https://www.PHCuk.org/rcts/

21. Diabetes: Have We Got It All Wrong? Diabetes Care. Pories et al. 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3507594/

22. Rising levels of obesity and type 2 diabetes are linked. BBC GCSE Bitesize. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/edexcel/responses_to_environment/homeostasisrev7.shtml

23. Glycemic index and glycemic load for 100+ foods. Harvard Medical School. http://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/glycemic_index_and_glycemic_load_for_100_foods

24. Comparison with ancestral diets suggests dense acellular carbohydrates promote an inflammatory microbiota, and may be the primary dietary cause of leptin resistance and obesity. Ian Spreadbury. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3402009/